10.6. GIMPressionist

10.6.1. Overview

Figure 16.177. Example for the GIMPressionist filter

Example for the GIMPressionist filter

Original image

Example for the GIMPressionist filter

Filter GIMPressionist applied


The GIMPressionist filter is the king of Artistic filters. It can do what Cubism and Apply Canvas do and much more. It gives your image the look of a painting. All is going as if your image was painted again on a paper and with a brush you'd have chosen. It works on the active layer or selection.

10.6.2. Activating the filter

You can find this filter via the image menu through FiltersArtisticGIMPressionist.

10.6.3. Options

The dialog window consists of a small Preview area on the left, which is always visible, and a huge amount of GIMPressionist options organized in tabs.

10.6.3.1. Preview

All your setting changes will appear in the Preview without affecting the image until you click on OK. The Update button refreshes the preview window (it is not automatic, GIMPressionist has so much work to do!), and the Reset button reverts to the original image.

10.6.3.2. Presets tab

Figure 16.178. Presets tab options

Presets tab options

GIMPressionist has a lot of parameters. When combined, they give an astronomical number of possibilities. So, it is important, when an interesting preset has been found, to save it and also to send it to the plugin author if exceptional. Per contra, the intricacy of all these parameters makes difficult understanding and foreseeing how each one works.

Presets options

Save Current

Save current parameters. You can give a name in the input box on the left and a short description in the dialog that appear.

Apply

Load the parameters of the selected preset in the list.

Delete

Delete the selected preset. You can delete only the presets you have created.

Refresh

Update the preset list.

10.6.3.3. Paper tab

Figure 16.179. Paper tab options

Paper tab options

This tab concerns the texture of the canvas your image will be painted on. You have a list of textures and a Preview for the selected texture. A description is displayed on the right for every texture when selected.

Paper options

Invert

Inverts the paper texture: what was a hollow turns to a bump and vice-versa.

Overlay

Apply the paper as it, without embossing it. It looks like if a transparent paper has been overlayed on the image.

Scale

Specifies the scale of the texture (in % of the original file): controls the graininess of the texture.

Relief

Specifies the amount of embossing to apply (3-150).

10.6.3.4. Brush tab

Figure 16.180. Brush tab options

Brush tab options

Brush is a general term for any material used to paint. A list of brushes is available with a Preview for the selected one.

Brush options

Gamma

Changes the gamma (luminosity) of the selected brush. The gamma correction brightens or darkens midtones.

Select

You can also use a brush pattern you have created by selecting its image (arrow button on the Select line). This image must be on your screen before you launch the filter to be taken in account. Of course, don't use big images.

If your image has several layers, they also will be displayed in the Select list and can be used as a brush. When selected, the layer appears in the brush preview and the normal brush is deselected.

The Save as button allows you to save the selected brush.

Aspect ratio

Specifies the brush proportions, height (0 -1) and width (0 +1).

Relief

Specifies the amount of paint used for each stroke. This may evoke painting with a palette knife.

10.6.3.5. Orientation tab

Figure 16.181. Orientation tab options

Orientation tab options

This tab allows to set the orientation of the brush strokes. A painter is not obliged to go over with the same paintbrush angle. To perform some effects, he can vary their orientation.

Orientation options

Directions

With this option, you can set how many times the brush will pass through a same place, with each time a different direction, resulting in a more and more thick paint.

Start angle

Specifies the general direction of the strokes, the angle that the angle range will start from. Directions are often chosen to give some movement to the image.

Angle span

Specifies the angle, the sector, of the stroke fan.

Orientation

Specifies the direction of the brush strokes.

Value

Let the value (luminosity) of the region determine the direction of the stroke.

Radius

The distance from the center of the image determines the direction of the stroke.

Random

Select a random direction for each stroke.

Radial

Let the direction from the center determine the direction of the stroke.

Flowing

Not a direction question here: the strokes follow a flowing pattern.

Hue

Let the hue of the region determine the direction of the stroke.

Adaptive

The brush direction that matches the original image the closest is selected.

Manual

The Edit button opens the Edit orientation Map dialog that allows you to set the directions manually.

10.6.3.6. Size tab

Figure 16.182. Size tab options

Size tab options

This tab allows you to set the number of brush sizes that will be used to paint, the limits of variation of these sizes and the criterion used to determine them.

Size options

You can specify how many brush sizes are to be used and their sizes.

Sizes

The number of brush sizes to use.

Minimum size, Maximum size

The brush sizes are between these two values. The greater the size, the greater the length and width of strokes.

Size

You have there options to specify how the size of strokes will be determined.

Value

Let the value (luminosity) of the region determine the size of the stroke.

Radius

The distance from the center of the image determines the size of the stroke.

Random

Select a random size for each stroke.

Radial

Let the direction from the center determine the size of the stroke.

Flowing

Not a length question here: the strokes follow a flowing pattern.

Hue

Let the hue of the region determine the size of the stroke.

Adaptive

The brush size that matches the original image the closest is selected.

Manual

The Edit button opens the Size Map Editor. That allows you to specify the size of strokes by yourself.

10.6.3.7. Placement tab

Figure 16.183. Placement tab options

Placement tab options

In this tab you can set how strokes will be distributed.

Placement options

Placement

In the preview of the Orientation Map Editor, all small arrows look like a flow around objects. Inside this flow, strokes may be placed in two different ways:

Randomly

Places strokes randomly. This produces a more realistic paint.

Evenly distributed

Strokes are evenly distributed across the image.

Stroke density

The greater the density the closer the strokes. With a low density, the paper or background may be visible in unstroke areas.

Centered

Focus brush strokes around center.

10.6.3.8. Color tab

Figure 16.184. Color tab options

Color tab options

In this tab, you can set what the stroke color will be.

Color options

Color

You can set the stroke color in two ways:

Average under brush

Stroke color is computed from the the average of all pixels under the brush.

Center of brush

Samples the color from the pixel in the center of the brush.

Color noise

This slider, and its input box, allow you to introduce noise in the stroke color, that will look less homogeneous.

10.6.3.9. General tab

Figure 16.185. General tab options

General tab options

In this tab you can set what will be the background and the relief of brush strokes.

General options

Background
Keep original

The original image will be used as a background.

From paper

Copy the texture of the selected paper as a background.

Solid

By clicking on the color dwell you can select a solid colored background.

Transparent

Use a transparent background. Only the painted strokes will be visible. This option is available only if your image has an alpha channel.

Paint edges

If it is disabled, a thin border will not be painted around the outside border of the image.

Tileable

If checked, the resulting image will be seamlessly tileable. The right side will match the left side and the top will match the bottom. This is interesting if your image will be repeatedly used in a Web background.

Drop shadow

Add a shadow effect to each brush stroke.

Edge darken

How much to darken the edges of each brush stroke. This increases paint relief or thickness.

Shadow darken

How much to darken the brush shadow.

Shadow depth

How far apart from the object the drop shadow should be.

Shadow blur

How much to blur the drop shadow.

Deviation threshold

A bail-out value for adaptive selections of brush size.

10.6.4. Orientation Map Editor

10.6.4.1. Overview

The Orientation-map editor is an annexe of the GIMPressionist filter. You can get to it by clicking on the Edit button in the Orientation tab. With this editor, you can set the direction that brush strokes given by filter will have.

10.6.4.2. Options

Figure 16.186.  Options of the Orientation-map Editor dialog

Options of the Orientation-map Editor dialog

You can place one or several vectors. You can set their direction and their strength. They will act on the corresponding area of the image.

Vectors

In the left windows (Vectors) you can manage your vectors. By default, a vector is at center. Vectors are red when they are active, and grey when they are not with a white point at tip.

  • By clicking on the Add button, you add a vector at center of the window, whereas clicking with the mouse Middle Button puts it where you click.

  • Clicking with the mouse Left Button displaces the selected vector to the clicked point.

  • When clicking with the mouse Right Button, the selected vector points to where you have clicked.

  • Clicking on << and >> buttons displaces focus from a vector to another.

  • The Delete button allows you to delete the selected vector.

[Tip] Tip

With the scroll bar on the right of the Vectors panel, you can set the image brightness. This can be very useful if the image is very dark/bright and you can't see vectors well.

Preview

This Preview gives you an idea of the action of the various vectors. The slider on the right border lets you change the luminosity of this preview.

Type

You have there some types to arrange the brush strokes within the selected vector domain. Describing them is difficult, but you can see the result in the Preview.

Voronoi

A Voronoi's diagram consists in partitioning a plane with n master points into n polygons where each polygon has only one of these n master points and where any given other point of the polygon is closer to the master point than to any other. So each polygon limit is midway between two master point. Here is an example of a Voronoi's diagram:

Here, when this option is checked, only the vector closest to a given point of the image influences this point.

Angle

Direction of the selected vector. This slider has the same action as right-clicking (see above).

Angle offset

This slider allows you to change the angle of all vectors.

Strength

This slider acts on the influence domain of the selected vector. This influence lowers with distance. Strength is showed with the vector length.

Strength exp.

This slider acts on the length of all vectors, and so changes the strength of all brush strokes.

10.6.5. Size Map Editor

10.6.5.1. Overview

The Size-map editor is an annexe of the GIMPressionist filter. You can get to it by clicking on the Edit button in the Size tab. With this editor, you can set the size that brush strokes given by filter will have.

10.6.5.2. Options

Figure 16.187. Size-map editor options

Size-map editor options

You can place one or several vectors. You can set their strength. They will act on the corresponding area of the image.

Smvectors

In this window you can place your vectors. By clicking on the Add button, you add a vector at the center of the window, whereas clicking with the mouse Middle Button puts it where you click. Vectors are red when selected, and gray when they are not, with a white point at tip.

Clicking with the mouse Left Button displaces the selected vector to the clicked point.

Clicking on the mouse Right Button, has no evident action.

Clicking on << and >> buttons displaces focus from a vector to another.

The Kill button allows you to delete the selected vector.

[Tip] Tip

With the scroll bar on the right of the Vectors panel, you can set the image brightness. This can be very useful if the image is very dark/bright and you can't see vectors well.

Preview

This Preview gives you an idea of the action of the different vectors. The size of squares represent the size of the brushes and their strength.

Size

Change the size of the brush strokes in the selected vector domain.

Strength

This slider acts on the influence domain of the selected vector. This influence lowers with distance.

Strength exp.

Change the exponent of the stroke.

Voronoi

See Orientation Map Editor for an explanation.